Victim and Casualty

This is a common mistake made by native speakers because this word has been politically redefined.

If an accident occurs, the person is a casualty because there is no one to blame for the accident.

In order to have a victim, there must be an assailant, a victim of a crime or of negligence.

If there is an accident in a company.  The casualty may want to claim that the company was negligent and caused the accident.  His attorney will refer to him as a victim.  If the casualty can proved that the company was negligent, then he becomes a casualty.

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