something – The “g” is almost silent and the “ing” is pronounced like “ean” in mean.
south – pronounce like cow, wow, how, etc.
letters and language – The discipline is slightly different in the US. The courses fall under the English department. If you want to study English language arts at an American university, you will have to go to the English Department. Here is something from my university website.
The Department of English offers undergraduate programs to fit the needs of students with a diverse set of interests. These programs include:
Several minor options, including
drought – perhaps the opposite would be rain or flooding. This is temporary condition where it is dry to the point that the environment is not able to sustain growth, crops failing for example.
canal Campos/Macaé – canal is a man made waterway. Channel has a similar meaning.